The Myanmar Aircraft Act 1934 (XXII of 1934), the Myanmar Carriage by Air Act 1934 (XX of 1934), the Myanmar Aircraft Rules 1937, the Myanmar Aircraft Rules 1920 (Part IX) and the Myanmar Aircraft Public Health Rules (1946) have being promulgated before Myanmar gained independence on 4th January 1948.

According to the Myanmar Adaptation Laws Order 1948, the above Myanmar Aviation Acts and Rules are accepted and in operation effecting throughout the Republic of the Union of Myanmar relating to the control of the manufacture, possession, use, operation, sale, import and export of aircraft apply also to citizens of the Union wherever they may be, and persons on aircraft registered in the Union, wherever they may be. The Myanmar Aircraft Act and Rules were last amended on 25th August 2004.

It was officially declared on 29th May 2008 that the State Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar has been ratified and promulgated by the approval of National Referendum. In this Constitution, Section 96 of Chapter IV - Legislature states that the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Parliament) shall have the right to enact laws for the entire or any part of the Union related to matters prescribed in Schedule One of the Union Legislative List. In this List Air transport and Air navigation, control and airfields construction are covered under the Transport, Communication and Construction Sector item (h) and item (i). Pyidaungsu Hluttaw may authorized to issue rules, regulations and by-laws concerning that law to any Union level organization formed under the Constitution and to issue notifications, orders, directives and procedures to the respective organization or authority.

Also the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw shall give the resolution on matters relating to ratifying, annulling and revoking from international, regional or bilateral treaties and agreement submitted by the President. In addition, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw may confer the authority to conclude, annul and revoke any kind of international, regional or bilateral treaties and agreement without the approval of the Pyidaungus Hluttaw.